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Glucose/Sugar level in our body


Glucose is a form of simple sugar and is a carbohydrate. Glucose is a very needed source of energy for the body and brain. It enters in our body by consuming foods that have carbohydrates; sugar, and starchy foods.  Glucose then travels through the blood inside our body. It can be found in corn, rice, wheat products and potatoes.

The level of Glucose or sugar in the body is regulated by Insulin, a hormone produced by pancreas. While the body cannot live without glucose; having too much of it will also overwhelms the body. When the body's glucose level is too high, the body becomes hyperglycemic which means we have too much sugar and too little insulin. Hyperglycemia and diabetes are disorders that result when the body cannot regulate glucose and/ or insulin levels, and can happen after years of consuming too much glucose. 
Another problem with excess glucose is that the excess glucose gets converted into fat and gets stored as belly and love handle fats  in the body. Momentary forgetfulness is also associated with rising blood sugar. Some foods convert to glucose quickly than other carbs and also will store quickly as fat. These foods are known as simple or bad carbs and are usually processed food such as: 

  1. Table sugar
  2. Corn syrup
  3. Fruit juice
  4. Candy
  5. Cake
  6. Bread made with white flour
  7. Pasta made with white flour
  8. Soda pop
  9. Candy
  10. All baked goods made with white flour
  11. Most packaged cereals
  12. Honey
  13. Jam
  14. Chocolate
  15. Biscuit

 When consuming Carbohydrates we should eat complex carbsHere's a list of complex carbohydrates foods:

  1. Spinach
  2. Grapefruit
  3. Turnip Greens
  4. Apples
  5. Lettuce
  6. Prunes
  7. Water Cress
  8. Dried apricots
  9. Zucchini
  10. Pears
  11. Asparagus
  12. Plums
  13. Artichokes
  14. Strawberries
  15. Okra
  16. Oranges
  17. Cabbage
  18. Brown rice, wild rice 
  19. Yams
  20. Celery
  21. Carrots
  22. Cucumbers
  23. Potatoes
  24. Dill Pickles
  25. Radishes
  26. Broccoli
  27. Beans (Navy beans, Whole Barley, Pinto beans, Split peas, Garbanzo beans, Kidney beans, Lentils, Soybeans
  28. Brussel sprouts
  29. Sprouts
  30. Cauliflower
  31. Eggplant
  32. Soy milk,  yogurt, milk
  33. Onions
  34. Whole meal bread, Multi-grain bread, Buckwheat and buckwheat bread, Oat bran bread, Oat bran cereal, Oatmeal 
On the other hand, we could have low levels of glucose. This condition is called hypoglycemia. It is also known as low blood sugar and is considered a fatal condition. 
 
To keep the diabetes or hypoglycemia under control, it is necessary to know about your glucose level. The normal glucose level lies between 70 mg/dl and 110 mg/dl.(or 4mmol/l & 6mmol/l). The level is usually lower in the morning but after having meals, it rises to some extent. When the blood sugar level reaches above 150 it depicts hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar.  Below 70 is called hypoglycemia and low blood sugar and is considered fatal.  Few different and simple tests measure the amount of glucose present in the bloodstreams and monitors the treatment of diabetes.  

There are several symptoms of diabetes in a patient and some of them are lethargy, impaired mental functioning, irritability and loss of consciousness. Long hyperglycemia results in diabetes which is the most common disease related to the blood sugar level. Diabetes can be alarming and lead to some irreversible diseases like eye, kidney and nerve damage. 

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